Monthly Archives: March 2017

  • The Good and Bad of Social Media

    When two expensive camera housings were shoplifted from Ocean Leisure, we were able to go on numerous underwater photography Facebook pages and warn people not to buy them, since they would be returned to their rightful owner if they ever were sent for servicing. The world of underwater photography is so small that even the British distributor of the housings, on holiday in Indonesia, heard about it. Hopefully, nobody will be duped into buying them and they'll probably end up in a dumpster somewhere. That's the good aspect of social media. It's not always so.

    Nauticam NA-RX-100V Nauticam NA-RX-100V

    Occasionally, a boat crew witnesses some diver doing so incredibly stupid that, rather than dismiss it as a one-off event, it’s simpler to write it into the boat’s policy or procedures. Like the liveaboard I worked on once; we had a rule that divers, equipped with tanks in place, should step down the ladder at the side of the hull and step backwards into the inflatable pick-up boat.

    That was because someone once decided to come down the ladder with his back to it and fell off into the boat, injuring those he fell on!

    My mother-in-law is not young and she has become a very cautious car driver. My daughter, a newly qualified driver, gets very impatient with her at times. She says she has lost her driving confidence but maybe it’s because she’s simply seen too many bad things happen.

    We are daily regaled with video clips of people bravely doing hazardous things on social media. At the same time we see, for example, car ads and motoring programs on television shows where cars are being driven very much unlike the way my mother-in-law drives. Despite mandatory warnings about doing the same however, they might persuade young drivers to try to emulate them.

    Like driving, scuba diving is not seen as a spectator sport. Divers actively participate. This can lead some people to think they can do the same as the divers they admire, which often is not realistic.

    As a journalist, I have done many dives in my past where I was a sort of pioneer. Not many had dived the Thistlegorm in the Red Sea, the Saratoga in Bikini Atoll or the Bianca C in Grenada when I first dived and wrote about them. I was one of the first (with Jeremy Stafford-Deitsch) to dive with the bull sharks in Walkers Cay and more recently I was one of the first to photograph Great hammerheads in Bimini. In every case I was followed by endless numbers of divers, who seeing my articles in magazines, quite naturally thought, “I want to go there too!” And why not?

    I was in at the beginning with closed-circuit rebreathers, diving several prototypes, and I gave them massive positive publicity — only to later feel really guilty when some very highly-thought-of divers paid the ultimate price of insufficient knowledge. (I had been lucky.)

    Today we have social media in the form of Facebook, Youtube and Instagram, where we can instantly post pictures of what we are doing for the delectation of others. People take little POV cameras on dives and all is revealed almost the instant they surface.

    When divers hear about a really cool new bit of kit, a new all-singing-and-dancing computer or they see a really exciting dive site, they naturally want to have or go to the same. It’s very seductive. There might be hidden snags. It’s like looking at a beautiful West African beach in a photograph. You can’t see amoebic dysentery!

    The diving video of the wall dive looks cool but you cannot see the massive down current. The inside of the cave is stunningly beautiful, but you cannot see that it’s a long swim back out to daylight and a clear surface.

    Some divers are probably less than competent to be in the water. Some are sublime professionals with everything under control – like Exley, Palmer, Parker, Shaw, Bennett and Molchanova. Like them, they got it right many times over but they only needed to get it wrong once, which each did – and paid the price. Take someone out of a familiar environment and it can go wrong. A hugely experienced diver in the tropical Philippines might experience great difficulty confronted with diving in a cold lake wearing a drysuit. Someone who’s often dived in caves with still water might get freaked out in the strong flow of water diving in a tidal Bahamas Blue Hole.

    Some of us have done thousands of dives. I had up until a few years ago when I was diving intensely, but I’m out of practice now.  I’m also older and a lot less fit. On the other hand, the golden years now that the kids have left home, are usually an opportunity to do those things we always wanted to do. Elderly men buy that motorbike they always wanted and find themselves sitting astride a space rocket they can no longer handle. Elderly divers might splash out on the DPV they always wanted or a rebreather. We are tempted to buy all that stuff we previously denied ourselves.

    The question is, are we still fit enough? Are we dived-up enough? Only you can answer that!

    Most of the readers of this blog will be holiday divers. We might make several trips to dive each year. By the end of a dive trip, we’ve got quite good again, but I bet there were a few snags each time at the beginning.

    The majority will be intelligent enough to know not to push themselves beyond perceived limits but I bet you’ve witnessed a few other divers doing what might be crazy things. How can that be? I blame it on peer pressure but whereas peer pressure was once confined to the people you met face-to-face, social media allows you to be ’friends’ with some of the biggest names in diving.

    This allows some divers to be misled into thinking they can do the same sort of diving. It’s easy. It rarely goes wrong in the memory card of the POV camera. They should remember that few keep a visual record of their foul-ups.64Amazing-Diving-Stories[1]

    You never get to see the called dives and near misses, the dives that went really wrong. Few are self-deprecating on their social media posts because so many of the very experienced divers are also touting for business, selling course and instruction.

    It’s not a question of loss of confidence. It’s about being cautious. It’s about coming back to tell the tale. So stay safe. Don’t encourage others to undertake dives that might be too difficult or too daunting for them. And keep an eye on those that might have a bigger ambition than competence. Scuba diving is real life. It’s not a social media experience.

  • An Avoidable Tragedy in Cozumel

    Mexico’s Caribbean island of Cozumel provides some startlingly good diving, which is often experienced by American divers since it is so conveniently close to the US. Diving tends to be organised in groups. It is not unusual for individual divers to turn up for dives.There are strong currents. This can lead to problems if one of the divers needs to return to the surface during a dive and that is what happened to a lady recently, with fatal consequences.

    The dive had not started well. It is reported that she had trouble with the inflator mechanism of her BC. Presumably, it tended to jam open or her own BC was not compatible with the regulator and direct-feed she had rented. So she disconnected it, intending to only connect the direct feed when she needed to put some air into her BC. This may be something that a well-practised regular diver can cope with but if anything else went wrong, it could lead to an incident pit.

    And something did go wrong. During the dive, she decided to abort and the dive guide went with her to the depth of a safety stop at, say, 5m deep. He had to be quick because on the current: He could easily lose contact with the rest of the group he was escorting. So he left her there, assuming she was competent enough to make it the short distance to the surface. He successfully rejoined his charges ar depth and continued the dive.

    We don't know what happened next. Her computer would not have recorded whether she actually made the surface or not, but her lifeless body was discovered by an entirely different group of divers some time later. It may well be that on achieving the surface, she forgot how to inflate her BC orally. She probably struggled to reconnect the direct-feed hose whilst finning furiously to stay at the surface. She might never ever have done that. She might have been carrying too much lead. She certainly did not drop her weights. Consequently, she eventually dropped and drowned. Drowning is never like it is portrayed in the movies. Struggling to keep afloat, she would have become exhausted and quietly slipped away. Nobody would have seen her go.

    What can we learn from this tragic series of events, a series of events that happens only too often with leisure divers? Firstly, never go diving unless your equipment is working one hundred percent efficiently. Secondly, be neutrally buoyant at all times. This means never wearing more lead than you need. If you think you need a lot of lead to go under, you are probably holding a large lungful of air. A properly weighted diver needs only to exhale fully to leave the surface.

    If you are neutrally buoyant, you will have no trouble swimming up to the surface, but wearing your tank and weights, you might need supplementary buoyancy to be able to stay afloat, breathing the atmosphere comfortably. This is when you need to inflate your BC and use it as a life preserver.  Know how to inflate your BC orally. That is why it has a corrugated hose. You do not need to use that hose to dump air (through the oral inflation valve) as many instructors still appear to teach. You have a dump valve positioned at the shoulder for that.

    If for some reason you cannot inflate your BC, you can still achieve flotation by dropping the lead weights you carry. I know that many worry about replacing integrated-weight pockets or a weightbelt after it has been dropped in this way, but it’s a small price to pay for your life, isn’t it?

    Think about it. Familiarize yourself with these actions. There is no reason to die in such foolish circumstances. And don’t expect anyone else to save you from your own folly. Don’t abdicate responsibility for your own well-being or even your life to a third person, someone you probably only met a short time before you went diving. Know how to work all your gear. Check that you know how to drop your weights and practise inflating your BC orally. Practice helps muscle memory so that it becomes second nature.

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